AskDefine | Define rest

Dictionary Definition

rest

Noun

1 something left after other parts have been taken away; "there was no remainder"; "he threw away the rest"; "he took what he wanted and I got the balance" [syn: remainder, balance, residual, residue, residuum]
2 freedom from activity (work or strain or responsibility); "took his repose by the swimming pool" [syn: ease, repose, relaxation]
3 a pause for relaxation; "people actually accomplish more when they take time for short rests" [syn: respite, relief, rest period]
4 a state of inaction; "a body will continue in a state of rest until acted upon"
5 euphemisms for death (based on an analogy between lying in a bed and in a tomb); "she was laid to rest beside her husband"; "they had to put their family pet to sleep" [syn: eternal rest, sleep, eternal sleep, quietus]
6 a support on which things can be put; "the gun was steadied on a special rest"
7 a musical notation indicating a silence of a specified duration

Verb

1 not move; be in a resting position
2 take a short break from one's activities in order to relax [syn: breathe, catch one's breath, take a breather]
3 give a rest to; "He rested his bad leg"; "Rest the dogs for a moment"
4 have a place in relation to something else; "The fate of Bosnia lies in the hands of the West"; "The responsibility rests with the Allies" [syn: lie]
5 be at rest [ant: be active]
6 stay the same; remain in a certain state; "The dress remained wet after repeated attempts to dry it"; "rest assured"; "stay alone"; "He remained unmoved by her tears"; "The bad weather continued for another week" [syn: stay, remain] [ant: change]
7 be inherent or innate in; [syn: reside, repose]
8 put something in a resting position, as for support or steadying; "Rest your head on my shoulder"
9 sit, as on a branch; "The birds perched high in the treee" [syn: perch, roost]
10 rest on or as if on a pillow; "pillow your head" [syn: pillow]
11 be inactive, refrain from acting; "The committee is resting over the summer"

User Contributed Dictionary

see Rest

English

Etymology 1

From the word rest, from a Germanic root.

Pronunciation

  • , /rɛst/, /rEst/
  • Rhymes: -ɛst

Noun

  1. The relief from work or activity afforded by sleeping; sleep.
    The sun sets, and the workers go to their rest.
  2. Any relief from exertion; a state of quiet and recreation.
    We took a rest at the top of the hill to get our breath back.
  3. Peace, freedom from trouble, tranquillity.
    Outside my window, the ocean was at rest.
  4. The repose afforded by death.
    She was laid to rest in the village cemetery.
  5. A pause of a specified length in a piece of music.
    Remember there's a rest at the end of the fourth bar.
  6. A written symbol indicating such a pause in a score.
  7. In the context of "physics|uncountable": Absence of motion.
    The body's centre of gravity may affect its state of rest.
  8. In the context of "snooker|countable": A stick with a U-, V- or X-shaped head used to support the tip of the cue when the cue ball is otherwise out of reach.
    Higgins can't quite reach the white with his cue, so he'll be using the rest.
  9. Any object designed to be used to support something else.
    She put the phone receiver back in its rest.
    He placed his hands on the arm rests of the chair.
Antonyms
Hypernyms
relief afforded by sleeping; sleep
relief from exertion; state of quiet and recreation
  • Czech: odpočinek
  • Finnish: tauko, paussi, lepotauko
  • French: repos
  • Italian: riposo
  • Russian: отдых
  • Slovene: počitek , oddih
peace, freedom from trouble, tranquillity
  • Finnish: rauha, tyyneys, rauhallisuus
  • French: paix
  • Greek: ηρεμία
  • Italian: pace
  • Russian: покой
  • Slovene: počitek
repose afforded by death
  • Czech: odpočinek
  • Finnish: lepo
  • Greek: ανάπαυση
  • Russian: покой
  • Slovene: počitek
pause of a specified length in a piece of music
  • Finnish: tauko
  • Greek: παύση
  • Russian: пауза
symbol indicating a pause in music
  • Finnish: taukomerkki
  • Greek: παύση
  • Russian: пауза
physics: absence of motion
stick used to support the cue in snooker
object designed to be used to support something else

Etymology 2

From the word reste, from rester (to rest), from restare, from the prefix re- + the verb stare (to stand).

Pronunciation

  • , /rɛst/, /rEst/
  • Rhymes: -ɛst

Noun

  1. That which remains.
    She ate some of the food, but was not hungry enough to eat it all, so she put the rest in the refrigerator to finish later.
Translations
remainder

Verb

  1. To remain.
  2. To be left (in a specified condition).
    Rest assured that I will do my best.
Translations
to remain
to be left

Etymology 3

From the verb restan, from a Germanic root; compare it to the Dutch verb rusten and the German verb rasten.

Pronunciation

  • , /rɛst/, /rEst/
  • Rhymes: -ɛst

Verb

  1. To lie down and take repose, especially by sleeping.
    My day's work is over; now I will rest.
  2. To relieve; give rest to.
    We need to rest the horses before we ride any further.
  3. To stop working, to take a break, become inactive.
    I shall not rest until I have uncovered the truth.
  4. To stay, remain, be situated.
    The blame seems to rest with your father.
  5. To lean or lay.
    I rested my head in my hands.
  6. To lie or lean or be supported.
    His left hand rested on the bannister.
  7. In the context of "law|US|transitive": To stop presenting arguments, witnesses and evidence for one side.
    Defense rests, Your Honor.
Translations
intransitive: take repose
  • Arabic:
  • Chinese: 休息 (xiūxí)
  • Dutch: rusten
  • Finnish: levätä, levähtää
  • French: se reposer
  • German: ruhen
  • Greek: αναπαύομαι, ξεκουράζομαι
  • Hungarian: pihen
  • Ido: repozar
  • Italian: riposarsi, riposare
  • Japanese: 休む (やすむ, yasumu)
  • Korean: 쉬다 (swida)
  • Portuguese: descansar
  • Russian: отдыхать (otdyχát') , отдохнуть (otdoχnút')
  • Slovak: odpočívať
  • Slovene: počivati
  • Spanish: descansar, reposar
  • Swedish: vila
give rest to
stop working, become inactive
stay, remain, be situated
transitive: lean or lay (something)
intransitive: lie or lean or be supported
  • Finnish: levätä
  • French: se reposer
  • Greek: ακουμπώ
  • Swedish: vila
US legal

Dutch

Noun

  1. rest i that which remains

Hungarian

Adjective

  1. lazy

Old English

Etymology

From the Common Germanic root *rasto.

Romanian

Etymology

reste

Pronunciation

  • /rest/|lang=ro

Noun

  1. rest i remainder

Declension

Noun

rest inv. (allows only the definite articled form for singular restul)
  1. change
    Poftim restul de la îngheţată, băiete. — Here's your change from the ice-cream you bought, son.

Usage notes

  • The use of the meaning for change is restrictive to money, usually in small sums, taken after making a transaction. To describe such change when it is in one's pocket or lying around, the term mărunţiş is preferred.

Swedish

Pronunciation

Noun

rest
  1. remainder, rest (what remains)
  2. In the context of "maths|lang=sv": remainder
    11 dividerat med 2 är 5, med 1 i rest — 11 divided by 2 is 5 remainder 1
  3. leftover

Verb

rest

Extensive Definition

Rest or REST may refer to:
rest in German: Rest

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

abeyance, abide, abide in, advocate, afterglow, afterimage, allay, alpenstock, annihilation, appease, arm, arrive, ataraxia, ataraxy, athletic supporter, awful silence, axis, back, backbone, backing, balance, bandeau, bane, base, basis, be a sideliner, be based on, be coextensive with, be comprised in, be constituted by, be contained in, be contingent on, be dependent on, be found, be left, be located, be predicated on, be present in, be situated, be still, bearer, bearing, bed, bed down, biological death, bottom, bra, brace, bracer, bracket, brassiere, break, breath, breathe, breather, breathing place, breathing space, breathing spell, breathing time, breve rest, butt, butt end, buttress, caesura, call a recess, calm, calm down, calmness, candle ends, cane, carrier, cease-fire, cervix, cessation, cessation of life, chaff, cigarette break, clinical death, coast, cocktail hour, coffee break, compose, composure, conduct pleadings, consist in, contemplation, continue to be, convenience, cool, corset, couch, count sheep, cradle, crook, crossing the bar, crutch, curl up, curtains, day off, dead, dead of night, death, death knell, deathlike silence, debris, debt of nature, decease, delay, demise, departure, depend, depend on, deposit, detritus, dissolution, do nothing, doom, doorstep, doss down, downtime, doze, dozing, drift, drop, dulcify, dwell in, dying, ease, ease up, ebb of life, eighth rest, end, end of life, ending, enforced respite, eternal rest, even out, excess, exist in, exit, expiration, extinction, extinguishment, fag end, filings, final summons, finger of death, footing, footrest, footstep, forty winks, fossil, foundation, foundation garment, free time, freedom, freeze, fulcrum, girdle, go to bed, go to rest, go to sleep, going, going off, golden silence, goof-off time, grave, ground, groundwork, guy, guywire, half rest, halt, hand of death, hang, hang fire, hang on, happy hour, heel, hesitate, hesitation, hibernate, hinge, hinge on, hit the hay, hit the sack, holder, holdover, holiday, hush, hush of night, husks, idle, idle hours, idleness, imperturbability, implead, inactivity, inaudibility, indolence, inhabit, inhere in, interim, interlude, intermezzo, intermission, intermittence, interruption, interval, jaws of death, jock, jockstrap, keep quiet, kip, knell, languish, lapse, last debt, last muster, last rest, last roundup, last sleep, lay, lay down, layoff, lean, leaving life, leavings, leftovers, leisure, let down, let up, letup, lie, lie athwart, lie by, lie dormant, lie down, lie in, lie on, lie still, lie with, loaf, loafing, lodge, loll, loss of life, lounge, lucid stillness, lull, mainstay, maintainer, make a plea, making an end, mark time, marmoreal repose, mast, minim, mollify, mum, nap, neck, nirvana, nod, noiselessness, not breathe, not budge, not stir, oarlock, odd moments, odds and ends, offscourings, orts, overage, overplus, pace, pacify, parings, parting, passing, passing away, passing over, pause, peace, peacefulness, perishing, pivot, place, placidity, placidness, plead, position, pour balm into, prop, put, put down, quarter rest, quell, quiescence, quiescency, quiet, quietism, quietness, quietude, quietus, rags, recess, recline, refuse, reinforce, reinforcement, reinforcer, relax, relaxation, release, relics, rely, remain, remain motionless, remainder, remains, remission, remnant, repose, repose in, reposit, reside, reside in, residual, residue, residuum, respite, rest in, rest on, rest with, restfulness, resting place, resting point, retirement, revolve on, reward, ride, ride at anchor, ride easy, ride hawse full, rigging, riser, roach, rock to sleep, round, rowlock, rubbish, ruins, rump, rundle, rung, sack out, satori, sawdust, scale, scourings, scraps, seat, seating, semiretirement, sentence of death, serenity, set, set down, settle to rest, shades of death, shadow, shadow of death, shavings, shelf, shoulder, shroud, shut-eye, siesta, silence, silentness, silken repose, sit back, sit it out, sixteenth rest, slack off, slacken, sleep, slumber, smooth, smooth down, smooth over, smoothen, snooze, snug down, solemn silence, somatic death, soothe, soundlessness, spare time, spell, spill, spine, spoke, sprawl, sprit, stabilize, staff, stagnate, stair, stand, stand fast, stand firm, stand on, stand still, stand-down, standing rigging, stave, stay, stay put, steady, step, step stool, stepping-stone, stick, stick fast, stiffener, still, stillness, stop, stop for breath, straw, strengthener, stretch out, string, stubble, stump, subdue, subsist, subsist in, summons of death, superfluity, support, supporter, surcease, surplus, surplusage, survival, survive, suspension, sustainer, sweepings, tacitness, taciturnity, take, take a nap, take a recess, take a rest, take forty winks, take it easy, take life easy, tarry, tea break, thole, tholepin, time, time off, time out, time to kill, time to spare, tomblike silence, trace, tranquilize, tranquillity, tread, tread water, trestle, truce, turn on, turn up, turn upon, unbend, unlax, unwind, upholder, vacation, vegetate, vestige, wait and see, walking stick, waste, watch and wait, whisht, wise passiveness
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